June282012

Phat Fiber Sampler Box

Phat Fiber, fiber sampler box

Oh wow do I have some great news to share with you guys!!!  We have been approved as part of the Phat Fiber sampler box.  If you don’t know anything about this, go to www.phatfiber.com and read all about it and sign up to be notified when they go on sale. We will begin contributing in July.  In fact, I had an idea for the theme tonight and have decided to do the dying for it tomorrow.  I cannot wait.  We will also be offering some discount codes and such for both the secret site and those people lucky enough to get a box.  I got my first one this weekend.  I can’t wait for it to get here.  We will be working on the dying of the fibers and offer larger items of the sampler items in the stores but not until the boxes have gone on sale.  I 

May232012

Drop Spindle: A Brief Introduction

Drop Spindles. What are they and how do they work?

William-Adolphe Bouguereau - The Spinner (1873)

The Spinner by William-Adolphe Bouguereau painted on 1873. Oil on Canvas

History

It is assumed that the drop spindle was developed from an even older device called a hand spindle. The first instances of spinning was probably from a person rolling the fiber together on their leg. Later the fiber would be attached to a stick so you could roll a section of fiber. Then wind the thread up on the stick and start a new section of fiber. Another possibility is the fiber was attached to a rock and then let hang and someone spun the rock.

It is not known when or where the drop spindle was created.  There is some evidence showing drop spindles being used to spin fiber dating all the way back to 5000 BCE. The earliest form was probably a rock tied to a thread which was then spun to produce a single thread from some sort of fiber. The rock would provide some weight to help remove some of the kinks out of the fiber.

Through history there is recorded use of some sort of spindle whether it be from art, stories, or from archaeological finds. The Egyptians used a drop spindle to make the linen wraps the mummies wore from flax. The ropes the early explorers used on their ships were woven from hemp on some sort of spindle. You can even say the drop spindle has put its twist on history.

What is a Drop Spindle

When you look at spindles you can see they are broken down into two distinct types:

  • The first type is a supported spindle where the end of the spindle is supported on some sort of object, like the ground or a specially made cup.
  • The second type is a gravity supported spindle which is also known as a drop spindle. On a drop spindle the drop spindle is supported by the thread it is spinning

Fruit vendor using a supported spindle

When you break a drop spindle down into it’s core components a drop spindle is pretty simply. There is basically two parts. One is the center shaft which is basically what the drop spindle revolves around. The shaft is also used to wrap the thread after a twist has been applied to the thread. The second part is the whorl. The whorl acts as a weight to prevent the thread from kinking up. The placement of the whorl also can change the characteristics of the drop spindle. When the whorl sits up high the drop spindle spins fast and can become unbalanced a lot quicker. Now modern drop spindle have a hook or notch to the shaft to hold the thread while the drop spindle is spinning thread. When you look back at some historical documents, the hook on top was sometimes replaced with a simple knot to hold the drop spindle in place.

Types of Drop Spindle

When you look at a drop spindle you will see the center mass, which is known as the whorl located in different areas. The adjustment of the whorl can help break down the drop spindle into three different classes:

  • Top Whorl
  • Center Whorl
  • Bottom Whorl
Top Whorl Drop Spindle

Top Whorl Drop Spindle

Top Whorl Drop Spindle

A top whorl spindle spins the fastest of the three but requires the most concentration. This is due to the center of gravity (the whorl) being raised up toward the top of the spindle. When getting one of these drop spindles it is well recommended to have one as balanced as you can find. This will help when you go to spin since the drop spindle will not be wobbling as much. Top whorl drop spindles are also the lightest of the three types of spindles. This allows the spinner to create a finer thread, but the trade off is the spinner will not be able to have as much thread on the spindle as the other three. The top whorl drop spindle was believed to have been developed in the middle east.

Center Whorl Drop Spindle

The center whorl drop spindles are the rarest types of drop spindle and are usually region specific spindles. For instance the Akha Spindle which is used in Tibet. There is also the Turkish drop spindle as well as the Navajo drop spindle. Those types of drop spindles will be covered in a later article

Bottom Whorl Drop Spindle

Lady using a drop spindle in Switzerland

Bottom Whorl Drop Spindle

Finally we come to the bottom whorl drop spindle, these are the workhorses of the drop spindle. In this style the whorl is located towards the bottom. This helps by giving you the lowest center of gravity, which leads to a very stable spindle. This type of drop spindle is also used to produce a thicker thread, which in turn lets the spinning spin a lot more thread before having to remove the thread. This type of drop spindle was thought to have originated in the middle ages. The bottom whorl drop spindle will spin slower than the top whorl drop spindle, this is due to where the spinning usually grasp the drop spindle to spin it. On a top whorl drop spindle the spinner will usually grab the drop spindle where the shaft is very narrow. Whereas on a bottom whorl drop spindle, the spinner will usually start the spindle spinning from the whorl. The reason the difference in speeds is because when you grab the smaller shaft to spin it will make a few revolutions before you release it. Whereas the bottom whorl might only be rotated one or two times.

If you would like to learn to use a drop spindle here is a starter set to look at

Learn to Spin Drop Spindle Kit

A good book to read that has been recommended to me by several people is

Respect the Spindle

One last book that I came across recently that has a lot of good information is

Teach Yourself Visually Handspinning

May12012
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